Garig gunak barlu National Park
Garig Gunak Barlu National Park is pronounced Gah-rig Goon-uk Bar-loo. It was previously known as Gurig National Park and Cobourg Marine Park. It is about 570 km (by road) northeast of Darwin on the Cobourg Peninsula.
The Park includes the entire Peninsula, the surrounding waters of the Arafura Sea and Van Diemen Gulf, and some of the neighbouring islands. It covers about 4,500 sq. km. Cobourg Peninsula is the only National Park in the Northern Territory which contains adjoining land and marine areas.
The Park conserves a mosaic of sandy beaches, dunes and associated coastal grasslands, mangroves, rainforest patches, swamps, lagoons, coral reefs, sea grass meadows and rich marine life.
The Park is internationally important and was the first park in the world to be declared under the RAMSAR Convention because of it's significant wetlands.
Permits and fees
A permit is required by visitors to stay overnight in the Park, whether you arrive by road, air or sea.
Book well in advance especially during the school holiday periods in the dry season. In quieter times, allow two days to process permits. Supply alternative dates if you can.
A fee of $232.10 applies per vehicle (Camping Fee $220 plus Transit Fee $12.10). This covers up to 5 adult passengers for up to 7 nights. Extra adult passengers - $11.00. Children under 16 years - free.
Air and sea access
Camping permits are required if staying overnight. Fees of $16.50 per person per night apply. Camp in designated camping areas only.
Please write to or phone for permit applications:
The Permit Officer
Cobourg Peninsula Sanctuary and Marine Park Board
PO Box 496
PALMERSTON NT 0831
Tel: (08) 8999 4814
Fax: (08) 8999 4524
How to get there
Access is via an unsealed road (4WD only) through Arnhem Land. The roads are usually open in the dry season (May - September), depending on the rains. Roads can be closed for ceremonial reasons with little notice. If you are driving, please remember:
>>caravans and motor bikes are not permitted
>>permits do not allow for stops between the East Alligator River (Cahills Crossing) and the Park boundary
>>check tide charts before setting out. The tides at Cahills Crossing are about six hours behind Darwin tides. Some tides may prevent you crossing the river
>>the roads are dusty and corrugated with some dangerous bends. Drive with extreme care.
Flights are available. For more information ring the Black Point Ranger Station. There is no public transport within the Park. The airstrip is 2 km from the campground and 5 km from Black Point.
The Park is two days sailing from Darwin (150 nautical miles). The best time to visit is between August and October when moderating east to southeast winds prevail. Cyclones can occur between November and April. There are coral reefs and scenic anchorage for all types of boats
When to visit
Roads are open during the Dry Season usually from 1 May to 31 October but check with the Permits Officer before heading out. Tel: 08 8999 4814
What to see & do
Black point cultural centre
Features a display of Aboriginal, Macassan and European histories of the area.
Beautiful remote coastlines with sandy beaches, and clear blue seas. Check which beaches are accessible by car or boat at the Ranger Station.
Ruins of an early northern Australian settlement. Accessible by boat or commercial tour. Information Sheet available at Ranger Station.
Basic groceries and Fuel - Available at the Garig Store (open 4 - 6 pm Mon - Sat).
Boat ramp is located near the Ranger Station.
There are two camp grounds: Camp ground No.1 - Generators are not permitted, Camp ground No.2 - Generators are permitted.
Further information can be obtained from the Ranger Station.
>>Come well equipped with food, water, first-aid kit, tool kit, spare tyres, vehicle parts, shade awning, fishing gear, camera and binoculars. A boat is handy too.
>>DO NOT drive off of the established tracks.
Facilities and features of the Park include:
Self-contained cabins are available at Smith Point. For information and bookings ring (08) 89790455.
Sites are available at camping areas No. 1 and 2. Showers, composting toilets, barbecues, tables and limited amounts of bore water are provided. Use water sparingly though, not for washing boats or cars. No powered sites available. Generator area available. Camping fees apply, see details under Permits.
Fish responsibly and only take what you can use each day or catch and release. The main species caught are Mackerel, Queenfish, Trevally, Shark, Snapper and a variety of reef fish. Reefs are often unmarked and uncharted and easily covered by the tides. Open waters can be rough.
Boating - check local conditions. Register details of your boating trips at the Ranger Station before you set out. Ensure your boat meets NT Marine regulations and carries adequate spare parts and emergency equipment.
>>Lamilmil Swamp Walking Track - this shady walk takes you around a small freshwater wetland. Starts near the Ranger Station. Distance 1.5 km. Allow 1.5 hr.
Scenic & cultural features
The area has an interesting ancient and contemporary history. Archaeologists generally agree that Aboriginal people have been living in the area for 40,000 years. Macassan traders visited the area regularly for centuries.
In 1838 the early British settlement of Victoria was established at Port Essington, and lasted ten years. Various industries have since developed, including the pastoral, pearling, timber and tourist industries.
The Park protects the first wetland to be recognised as a Wetland of International Importance under an international agreement called 'The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance' commonly known as Ramsar. It was registered on 8 May 1974.
There are 53 sites in Australia registered with Ramsar, including wetlands in Kakadu National Park.
There are also sites of national archeological significance within the Garig Gunak Barlu National Park.
Traditional land owners
The Park lies within the clan estates of the Iwaidja speaking peoples of western Arnhem Land. Custodianship is shared between five Aboriginal clan groups, the Agalda, Ngaindjagar, Madjunbalmi, Minaga and Muran.
These clans have continual spiritual links with the land and sea. Their ancestors from the Creation Era (Dreamtime) created the land and all it contains. The Park therefore contains cultural landscapes which have been shaped and managed by cultural traditions and is translated as: Garig (a local language name), Gunak (land), Barlu (deep water).
The Park is managed jointly by the traditional land owners and the Parks and Wildlfie Service.
Plants & animals
The Park protects rare species, including the Dugong and six marine turtles (Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Olive Ridley, Leatherback and Flatback Turtles). Garig Gunak Barlu is also home to the largest wild herd of Banteng. These Indonesian cattle are an endangered species in their native habitat
Information for this National Park has been supplied courtesy of The Parks and Wildlife Service NT