Kwiambal National Park
The Macintyre river rushes through sculpted granite gorges and plunge pools at Macintyre Falls before meeting the Severn River. The park protects regionally important woodlands of white cypress-pine, box and ironbark.
This park is near...
Inverell (90 km, 90 minutes)
Best access routes
Kwiambal National Park is 90 kilometres north of Inverell. Go to Ashford village, then west on the sealed Wallangra Road, to turn off north for the last 19 kilometres of unsealed road. In wet weather, check road conditions in Ashford or phone ahead to the local Police.
Road quality: unpaved sections
Facilities & things to do
>>Picnics & barbecues
Native plant communities
Culture & history
Kwiambal National Park is in the traditional lands of the Kwiambal (pronounced Kigh-am-bal) Aboriginal people of the Ashford district. Rich in water, food and materials, the area provided a year-round living.
The junction of the Macintyre and Severn Rivers at Kwiambal National Park serves as a common boundary for several Aboriginal groups. The Kwiambal's neighbouring people are the Marbul to the north east, the Ngarrabul to the south east, the Jukumbal to the south, the Weraerai to the west and the Bigambul and Ginniebal to the north west.
This park protects many places of significance to local Aboriginal communities. These communities assist the National Parks and Wildlife Service in the management of local Aboriginal sites.
The park area since colonisation
Explorer and botanist, Allan Cunningham, rode through this area in 1827 and found Europeans already settled on good grazing and farming land, with others still looking. An 1848 map of the Inverell district shows that the Eena grazing property included what is now Kwiambal National Park.
The Limestone Caves were mined for bat droppings (guano) as a low-grade fertiliser. These guano deposits were worked on and off through to the 1960s and limestone was also taken from the area. Lime was made in a kiln on nearby Iona station by heating limestone for 90 hours to remove water. In the 1850s, wagons unloading supplies at Inverell would come to this area to get loads of lime for the building industry in Armidale.
White cypress-pine and other timbers were logged and milled in the Ashford district from around 1898. Although widespread, logging was selective, and Kwiambal National Park includes areas of pristine woodland that have never been logged. White cypress-pine is a valued timber, attractive and hard-wearing and now used mainly for flooring.
After 1910 many Chinese people in the Ashford district were employed to work on tobacco share-farms. Although tobacco was tried as a commercial crop as early as 1890, it was not a great success until the 1940s, when Ashford became the main tobacco-growing area in NSW. For many years tobacco was grown along the Macintyre and Severn rivers on properties which now form part of Kwiambal National Park. Tobacco is no longer grown commercially in the area.
Information for this National Park has been supplied courtesy of The New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service